The main character of the story. He was left on the side of a mountain by his parents Laios and Jocasta when it was prophecied that he would kill his father. Oedipus was found by a shepherd who took him to Corinth, where he was adopted by the childless King Polybus and Queen Merope. Later on in life, he was told by the oracle that he would begat children with his mother and kill his father. While leaving Corinth, he kills his true father on the side of the road, and proceeds to thebes where he marries his mother, Jocasta. As the story unfolds, Oedipus finds out that he has comitted parricide and incest. After finding his wife and mother dead, he gouges his eyes out and exiles himself.
Throughout this entire venture, it is his curiosity and immense need for justice that truly comdemns him in the end. Unfortunately, if he did not care for his city as much as he did, he would not have had to leave it in the first place.
His fate evokes a pathos in all readers, for his fate is entirely decided for him by the actions of others. Whether or not he is a victim of circumstance or merely a pawn of the gods remains a subject of great debate. The main question of man's fate and changeable destiny is asked in this play, and we are still attempting to answer.
Queen of Thebes. Sister of Creon. Widow of Laios, later married to her own son Oedipus. After finding out that she had borne her own son's children, she hung herself in her room.
Jocasta is another innocent victim of circumstance. When she sent her three day old babe away, there was no way for her to know that he would come back in fufill the prophecy. This is just another example of how one action could have changed everything, and that same action was the one that impelled the prophecy into motion.
Creon is the brother of Jocasta and the brother-in-law and uncle of Oedipus.
Laios is the deceased king of Thebes. Husband of Jocasta, father of Oedipus and brother-in-law of Creon.